By Jessica A. Knoblauch, Earthjustice
The low, guttural bellows and high-pitched calls of the North Atlantic right whale may soon be drowned out—or altogether silenced—by the continuous blasts of seismic airguns used to identify dirty energy deposits deep within the Atlantic Ocean floor.
Recently, the Trump administration gave the oil and gas industry a green light to conduct these seismic surveys, which are expected to injure, harass, and disrupt, and can even kill, marine life like whales, dolphins and sea turtles across 200,000 square miles of ocean waters.
Earthjustice is challenging the administration’s actions in court, and on Feb. 20, we joined a coalition of other conservation groups asking a federal judge to block the start of seismic airgun blasting in the Atlantic Ocean until our case has been heard.
The tests, harmful in their own right, are just the first step in the administration’s broader plans to open up 90 percent of U.S. federal offshore waters to the fossil fuel industry, despite widespread opposition from Americans across the nation.
“Seismic airgun surveys pose a dual threat to the biologically rich waters off the Atlantic coast,” says Earthjustice attorney Steve Mashuda. “Their continuous blasts can injure and deafen whales, dolphins and other marine life, and they are the sonic harbingers of even greater risks associated with eventual offshore oil and gas drilling.”
The administration’s announcement couldn’t come at a worse time for the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale. Over the past decade, their numbers have declined dramatically due to multiple entanglements and ship strikes that harm and kill the whales. And last winter, no new calves were observed in their traditional breeding grounds off the Florida and Georgia coastline. Currently only about 440 right whales remain, with only about 100 breeding females, leading some experts to worry that the species could go extinct in as little as 20 years.
Despite their critical status, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) has authorized five companies to “incidentally take” marine mammals while conducting seismic airgun surveys, which aren’t nearly as innocuous as they first sound. These seismic blasts create noise louder than a rocket launch, and are discharged at about 10-second intervals, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, for months on end as they make their way across the ocean floor.
The fisheries service knows full well that this extreme noise pollution can be incredibly harmful, which is why it has exempted the companies from responsibility for harming and harassing ocean wildlife protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and the Endangered Species Act.
Earthjustice, on behalf of the Surfrider Foundation and the Sierra Club, and in partnership with a broad coalition of local and national groups, is suing the agencyover its decision to allow seismic testing. We have also asked the judge to issue a preliminary injunction on seismic airgun blasting to prevent the seismic blasts from causing irreparable damage to marine life while the case is being decided.
Our resolve is bolstered by the intense opposition to Trump’s broader oil drilling plan that’s been registered around the country, from public hearings in Connecticut and California, to the more than 1 million comments that people submitted in opposition to Trump’s proposed drilling plans.
Together, we will fight to uphold the belief that no one is above the law, certainly not companies who want to drill and damage a public resource—our oceans and wildlife—for private gain.